It is easier to copy an idea than to produce a new one. The purpose of patents is therefore to protect inventors by ensuring that they own their discovery under certain conditions.
In practice, a patent is a title deed protecting, including in court, a temporary monopoly of exploitation, generally 20 years, on the patented invention. The protection of intellectual property in the form of patents is of great importance in many sectors of industry. This is particularly true for industries with high product development costs and long product life, such as biotechnology and pharmaceuticals. Experts in technology transfer must therefore file a patent application at an early stage, as it is no longer possible to patent an invention after the results have been published in scientific journals or through other channels.